Internet of Things and Smart City Development
The introduction of ICT in the urban space opens the way to new features to manage, govern and live the city. This leads to the concept of “smart city”, which represents livable and sustainable cities, based on integrated management and shared governance that facilitates the deployment of information and communication technologies.
Two main characteristics emerge:
1- On the one hand, ICT favors a systemic approach to the city that goes beyond traditional approaches by sector (energy, building, transport, street lighting, roads, etc.). The pooling of data and the integration of networks and flows make it possible to optimize urban management and improve the quality of services provided to users.
2- On the other hand, they put the user at the heart of the devices. Consciously or not, the individual becomes a producer of data, thus favoring bottom-up approaches and more participative modes of governance.
Each city will develop its projects according to the local context, its needs, its priorities, its resources and especially its vision of its future. Here are some projects that are emerging:
- Internal processes of the city and relationship management and citizen participation;
- Digital spatial planning, reprogramming of public space (mobility);
- Security and the environment (predictive GPS, detection of shapes and movements);
- Urban development;
- Risk management;
- Education and culture, digital solidarities;
- Intelligent public lighting;
- Remote maintenance (malfunctions, energy costs);
- Various applications to connected objects (homes, commerce, city …);
- Connected car parks;
In summary, the objectives are clear: optimize the functioning of the community to better meet the current and future needs of citizens, further boost the territory and facilitate its adaptation to changes (climate, technological, economic, demographic …).
Each city will have to become intelligent by developing new forms of governance, by encouraging user ownership of these new devices, by identifying viable business models and by controlling the use that will be made of the data. The smart city is first and foremost the intelligence of those who make the city. Hence the need to sensitize more and more the community and researchers, and at the same time to form a critical mass of skills. Thus, this conference is an opportunity to go in this direction.
Marcellin NKENLIFACK is Chair of the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (University of Dschang). He received M.Eng., followed by Ph.D. in Computer Engineering and Control from National Polytechnic Institute of University of the Yaoundé I. He is an expert on the ICT Commission and Artificial Intelligence of the National Committee for the Development of Technologies (CNDT) of Cameroon. He is the representative of African researchers at the CARI Standing Committee (African Research Colloquium on Computer Science and Applied Mathematics). He has already successfully piloted numerous research projects supported by various international organizations, such as the “Digital Health” project supported by “Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie” (AUF) in 2019. He has received several international awards for his scientific achievements. Marcellin will lead the development process (Data Analysis, Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Learning, and Knowledge Processing) and will ensure the compliance of results with software engineering standards and good development practices.